Reflecting into the heinous atrocities happening in Burundi, I concluded that to end Post Election violence in Africa, three things must be addressed;
- Ending Political fanaticism
- Strengthen legal regimes and respect for the rule of law.
- Non- interference by the western nations in African democracie especially elections.
Because the answers to Burundi’s conflict is in the interpretation of two Article’s of the Burundi’s constitution.
First is Article 301, which States;
“Any person having exercised the functions of President of the Republic during the period of transition is ineligible in the first presidential elections”.
And Article 96 which states;
“The president of the republic is elected by universal direct suffrage a mandate of five years renewable one time”
President Pierre Nkurunziza became a transitional president elected by parliament in 2005, but was first elected a president by universal direct suffrage for one term in 2010.
The Constitutional Court ruled that Nkurunziza was eligible to stand for a third term,because the first term was not an election through universal direct suffrage.
During the election, Pierre Nkurunziza CNDD–FDD won with 1,961,510 (equivalent 69.41%) followed by the opposition leader Agathon of Rwasa National Forces Liberation who got 536,625 (equivalent of 18.99%)
This means, Burundi has a clear constitution, which has been interpreted by a constitutional court to it’s meaning,and during the elections their was a clear winner with a margin of over 1.4 million votes.
The problem therefore is that the opposition defied the ruling by the constitutional court, which has even threatened the life of the court’s Vice President Sylvere Nimpagaritse making him to flee from the country, then USA and President François Hollande of France tried interfering with the process of election by influencing elections in favor of the opposition leader, then after the lose, the fanatics went out to violence choosing death.
Kenya in our context is still vulnerable to violence, we have seen our leaders trying to disobey our independent institutions, mocking our legal system and too much fanaticism for some Political Kingpins such as Mr Odinga, there has also been past interference into our system by some western powers.
This is a recipe of violence and must be addressed by all African states, because there is a likelihood of people declining to accept defeat, to undermine our courts of justice, to incite anger and hate amongst their fanatics and further to have the western countries Begin to dictate us on how we should carry out our Democratic choices.
The end result is violence!
I am deeply concerned about these developments as they suggest a serious, deliberate and insidious attack on the rule of law, the independence and integrity of African sovereign state’s and their judicial systems.
We must maintain neutrality regarding the factual circumstances surrounding Justice, independence of institutions and sovereignty of African states.